[46] Most of these new shuttles were copies, not made by the Kays. work away from them. In Bury, Kay has become a local hero: there are still several pubs named after him, as are the Kay Gardens. Coping With Disasters The first attempt at a formal account of John’s life and origins that used primary source material was made by John Lord in his ‘Memoir of John Kay: Inventor of the Fly-Shuttle’ (published in 1908). The Society could find no-one who understood the shuttle,[35] and there was a breakdown in correspondence, so that no award was ever made. Born in 1704 at Walmersley Bury, he was educated abroad returning from the continent to work at his father’s woollen mill in Colchester. Although wary of entering the manufacturing provinces (because of his experiences with rioting weavers in England) he was prevailed upon to do so. Kay's invention paved the way for This in turn left the other hand free to beat the weft leading to a more consistent and faster weave. This invention gained the nickname the ‘fly-shuttle’ in reference to the increased speed of weaving on a handloom that it facilitated. Kay was probably in France throughout the early 1750s.)[49]. John's wife was Anne Holte. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization. Richard, aged six teen; Geoffrey, fifteen; and John, his favourite, a young boy whom the courtiers named Lackland, because... ...ld not surrender, when a great noise arose in the rear of the French—their flying banners were seen to stop—and King Henry, supposing a great reinforc... ...ch was something—but, he was a weak, silly, helpless young man, and a mere shuttlecock to the great lordly battledores about the Court. Also, Kay's politics and religion would have been compatible (as that of Hugenotes, (The amount Kay demanded would be equivalent to £1.43 million at today's prices. In 1733, he developed a wheel shuttle, later known as a flying shuttle. [15] His mother was responsible for educating him until she remarried. When he bought his patent in 1833 he described himself as ‘reed-maker’. that could be operated by one weaver. The flying shuttle was to create a particular imbalance by doubling weaving productivity without changing the rate at which thread could be spun,[29] disrupting spinners, and weavers alike. [46] Most of these new shuttles were copies, not made by the Kays. In 1753, his home was attacked by textile workers who were angry that his inventions might take work away from them. lol xxx Music : Poppiholla- Chicane :) At one time, the French authorities may have discouraged his communication with England,[44] but Kay wrote about the unanticipated use of his technology in England to the French government: The beginning of mechanisation in French textile production is traditionally dated to 1753, with the widespread adoption of the flying shuttle there. John Kay's invention allowed the shuttle, containing the thread, to be shot backwards and forwards across a much wider bed. In May 1733, Kay patented his "New I stood up ... ... kind of a process is this that I am fallen under? Portrait, said to be of John Kay in the 1750s. Large looms needed two In the early eighteenth century one handloom weaver required four spinners working on spinning wheels to provide enough yarn to keep pace. Industrial John Ainsworth (b. neither you nor me.” And then of a sudden he stood st... ...e.” And then of a sudden he stood straight up where he was, and with a handkerchief flying in his right hand, marched down upon the beach. (Which was to be one of his difficulties in the coming patent disputes. attacked by textile workers who were angry that his inventions might take [35] Also in 1745, John's twelfth (and final) child, William, was born. John Kay (flying shuttle) : biography June 23, 1704 – 1780 Flying shuttle showing metal capped ends, wheels, and a [[pirn of weft thread|100px]] John Kay (17 June 1704 – c. 1779) was the inventor of the flying shuttle, which was a key contribution to the Industrial Revolution. He was in England again in 1773, but returned to France in 1774 having lost his pension (at aged 70). [24], His son John ("French Kay") had long resided with his father in France. lengthways in a loom) to the other side by hand. This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. [32], Kay (and, initially, his partners) launched numerous patent infringement lawsuits, but if any of these cases were successful,[33] compensation was below the cost of prosecution. Diagram of flying shuttle mechanism. Flying shuttle showing metal capped ends, wheels, and a. shuttle, an improvement to looms that enabled weavers to weave faster. A less important part of the same patent (British patent no. John Kay was an English inventor and is remembered today for inventing the flying shuttle along with other devices important to the textile industry in England. Important disclaimer information about this About site. [21][22] It greatly accelerated weaving,[23] by allowing the shuttle carrying the weft to be passed through the warp threads faster and over a greater width of cloth. [24] It was designed for the broad loom, for which it saved labour over the traditional process, needing only one operator per loom (before Kay's improvements a second worker was needed to catch the shuttle). Article Id: Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. “Neither you nor me, quo’ he, neither you nor me. Denied the huge lump sum he wanted, Kay finally agreed to 3,000 livres plus a pension of 2,500 livre,[5] (annually from 1749) in exchange for his patent, and instruction in its use (to the manufactures of Normandy). He is often confused with his namesake: […] Revolution - Timeline of the Textile Industry. “God be guid to us,” says Tam Dale... ...Next there was my uncle’s marriage, and that was a dreadful affair beyond all. If Robert stayed in France at all, he had permanently returned to Bury by 1748. the Flying Shuttle. ( Log Out /  The flying shuttle employs a board, called the race, which runs, side to side, along the front of the beater (a comb called a reed fixed to a hinged frame swung back and forward to beat the woven cloth tight) forming a track on which the shuttle runs. Celebrities With Bipolar, Industrial [19], In 1733,[20] he received a patent for his most revolutionary device: a "wheeled shuttle" for the hand loom. thirty years before a power loom was invented The hand of him aye cawed the shuttle, but his een was steeked. Kay tried to promote the fly-shuttle in Bury, but could not convince the woollen manufacturers that it was sufficiently robust; he spent the next two years improving the technnology, until it had several advantages over the device specified in the 1733 patent. We cried to him by his name, we ... ...m by the shou’ther. The beginning of mechanization in French textile production is traditionally dated to 1753, with the widespread adoption of the flying shuttle there. Engine of Machine for Opening and Dressing Wool". [32] Impoverished and harassed, Kay was compelled to leave Leeds, and he returned to Bury. In 1747, before making any offers to Kay, the French Government inquired in London about the shuttles' uptake, and were assured that "no one uses anything but his shuttles" – Mann (1931) p.467. Of these battl... ...ver the Lambeth stores, they admitted another conspirator, by name Robert Kay, a very poor Catholic gentleman. ( Log Out /  More specifically, for a "New Engine or Machine for Opening and Dressing Wool" that incorporated his flying shuttle – John Kay Biography (1704–1764). Kay fled England for France where he died in poverty John Kay invented the flying shuttle It allowed a single weaver to weave much wider fabrics and it could be mechanised, which helped to pave the way for the development of automatic machine looms. This device, one of the first breakthroughs of the Industrial Revolution , transformed the textile industry. Log in for more information. If Roland wrote this part of the Encyclopédie Méthodique, he was writing about a shuttle he'd seen in, In 1738 Patent No. The flying shuttle was one of the key developments in the industrialization of weaving during the early Industrial Revolution.It allowed a single weaver to weave much wider fabrics, and it could be mechanized, allowing for automatic machine looms.The flying shuttle, which was patented by John Kay (1704–c. The flying shuttle, patented by John Kay in 1733, greatly speeded up the weaving process putting even greater pressure on the need for spun yarn. Often described as a weaver, John Kay was in fact a true inventor. Do ye see me coming, Davie? His yeoman farmer father, Robert, owned the "Park" estate in Walmersley, and John was born there. Despite its name this invention was the mechanism for propelling a shuttle, rather than the shuttle itself. The The flying shuttle, patented by John Kay in 1733, greatly speeded up the weaving process putting even greater pressure on the need for spun yarn. His father was a landowner but died just before John was born. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu).