You can help us out by revising, improving and updating Summary. A summary of Part X (Section2) in David Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. Cleanthes finally realizes that he has hit a pretty big obstacle to his empirical theism, and he tries to surmount this obstacle by sacrificing the "infiniteness" of God. ��?��2�js4��g�|FQ���B�x`�~XGSA? [1], In The Blind Watchmaker (1986), evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins discussed his choice to title his book after theologian William Paley's famous statement of the teleological argument, the watchmaker analogy, and noted that Hume's critique of the argument from design as an explanation of design in nature was the initial criticism that would ultimately be answered by Charles Darwin in On the Origin of Species (1859). To Demea, fidelity to God is paramount even to understanding him. PLAY. It is also exactly the sort of language that Cleanthes's mocks in Part 11. For instance, instead of the sensation of burning, fire could simply make us feel less nice than we would feel otherwise. "Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion Study Guide." The Dialogues were published posthumously in 1779, originally with neither the author's nor the publisher's name. Millions of books are just a click away on and through our FREE NOOK reading apps. He's present during a series of debates between his master, Philo, and Demea concerning the existence and nature of God. For example, whenever a small innocent child found itself in the way of a launched bullet, God could suspend the laws of physics and either change the bullet's trajectory, or cause the bullet to vanish into thin air, or do any number of other things to prevent the tragic meeting of bullet and child. Actually, if we do try to infer God's moral attributes from the world (which Philo thinks we should not do) then the only proper conclusion to draw is that God is neither good nor evil, but entirely indifferent to these principles—that God, in other words, is morally neutral. Demea is offended by this last part of the argument and finds an excuse to exit. He discusses the nature of dialogue as a philosophical writing style and explains why the topic of natural religion is well suited to be explored through dialogue. Chapter Summary for David Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, part 10 summary. Given how miserable human existence is, he says, we simply have to believe in God. %���� Match. Whether or not these names reference specific philosophers, ancient or otherwise, remains a topic of scholarly dispute. resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. In Hume's own opinion, Philo comes the closest to winning the debate. Course Hero, "Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion Study Guide," December 6, 2019, accessed November 26, 2020, Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion Study Guide. Judged by man's standards of morality God certainly seems to fail; but there is no reason to believe that God's standards of morality are anything like our own. However, Hume accepts that arguing whether God exists is less important than determining what sort of God exists. Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion is a philosophical work by the Scottish philosopher David Hume, first published in 1779. Instead he presents it as a challenge to the empirical theist's attempt to infer God's nature from the universe. SparkNotes is brought to you by Barnes & Noble. To illustrate his point, Philo draws an analogy between our universe and a very ugly palace. Download a PDF to print or study offline. In a brief, unnumbered section prior to Part 1, Pamphilus explains to his friend Hermippus what he is writing.