This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Jewish folklore suggests it adds strength while fasting. Like most herbs, it will do best on a south-facing windowsill (in the Northern Hemisphere). 2006;29(5):1269-1278. Basil suffers from several plant diseases that can ruin the crop and reduce yield. 2020;27(5):310-318. Parasitol.Res 2007;101(2):443-452. View abstract. Determination of antioxidant activity of herbs by ESR. Lee, K. G. and Shibamoto, T. Determination of antioxidant potential of volatile extracts isolated from various herbs and spices. View abstract. African legend claims that basil protects against scorpions, while the English botanist Culpeper cites one "Hilarius, a French physician" as affirming it as common knowledge that smelling basil too much would breed scorpions in the brain. Nat.Prod.Commun. This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. View abstract. Rev.Med.Chir Soc.Med.Nat.Iasi 2007;111(4):1065-1069. Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. (check all that apply). View abstract. Qiao, S., Li, W., Tsubouchi, R., Haneda, M., Murakami, K., Takeuchi, F., Nisimoto, Y., and Yoshino, M. Rosmarinic acid inhibits the formation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species in RAW264.7 macrophages. Sacchetti, G., Medici, A., Maietti, S., Radice, M., Muzzoli, M., Manfredini, S., Braccioli, E., and Bruni, R. Composition and functional properties of the essential oil of amazonian basil, Ocimum micranthum Willd., Labiatae in comparison with commercial essential oils. Exp.Appl.Acarol. Umar, A., Imam, G., Yimin, W., Kerim, P., Tohti, I., Berke, B., and Moore, N. Antihypertensive effects of Ocimum basilicum L. (OBL) on blood pressure in renovascular hypertensive rats. View abstract. Contact Dermatitis 2010;63(6):365-7. (check all that apply), What factors are most important to you? It has round oval shaped leaves which are up to 5 cm long. It is a symbol of love in present-day Italy, but represented hatred in ancient Greece, and European lore sometimes claims that basil is a symbol of Satan. Migraine. The anti-inflammatory property of Tulsi reduces the swelling on joints and bones. Lev, E. Drugs held and sold by pharmacists of the Jewish community of medieval (11-14th centuries) Cairo according to lists of materia medica found at the Taylor-Schechter Genizah collection, Cambridge. It has been cultivated there for more than 5,000 years. It is widely known across South Asia as a medicinal plant and an herbal tea, commonly used in Ayurveda, and has an important role within the Vaishnavite tradition of Hinduism, in which devotees perform worship involving Tulsi plants or leaves. There are many rituals and beliefs associated with basil. J Econ.Entomol. de, Almeida, I, Alviano, D. S., Vieira, D. P., Alves, P. B., Blank, A. F., Lopes, A. H., Alviano, C. S., and Rosa, Mdo S. Antigiardial activity of Ocimum basilicum essential oil. View abstract. Holy Basil, also called 'Tulsi', is highly revered in Hinduism and also has religious significance in the Greek Orthodox Church, where it is used to prepare holy water. View abstract. Singh, S. Evaluation of gastric anti-ulcer activity of fixed oil of Ocimum basilicum Linn. J Commun.Dis. This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. View abstract. View abstract. For larger varieties, plant farther apart (about 16 to 24 inches). Yun, Y. S., Nakajima, Y., Iseda, E., and Kunugi, A. J Agric.Food Chem. J Agric.Food Chem. 6-2-2004;52(11):3486-3491. Fitoterapia 2006;77(7-8):491-494. Food Chem Toxicol 2006;44(5):739-746. Chiang, L. C., Ng, L. T., Cheng, P. W., Chiang, W., and Lin, C. C. Antiviral activities of extracts and selected pure constituents of Ocimum basilicum. Tuntipopipat, S., Muangnoi, C., and Failla, M. L. Anti-inflammatory activities of extracts of Thai spices and herbs with lipopolysaccharide-activated RAW 264.7 murine macrophages. Opalchenova, G. and Obreshkova, D. Comparative studies on the activity of basil--an essential oil from Ocimum basilicum L.--against multidrug resistant clinical isolates of the genera Staphylococcus, Enterococcus and Pseudomonas by using different test methods. 2004;11(2):104-108. While human effects are currently unstudied, the rodent experiments indicate that it would take 100–1000 times the normal anticipated exposure to become a cancer risk. View abstract. They also eat fried chicken with deep-fried basil leaves. Murugan, K., Murugan, P., and Noortheen, A. Larvicidal and repellent potential of Albizzia amara Boivin and Ocimum basilicum Linn against dengue vector, Aedes aegypti (Insecta:Diptera:Culicidae). It is prominently featured in many cuisines throughout the world. It is a tender low-growing herb that is grown as a perennial in warm, tropical climates. Tulasi (English: Basil | Telugu: తులసి | Sanskrit: तुलसी | Tamil: துளசி) Ocimum tenuiflorum (also Tulsi, Tulasi) is an aromatic plant in the family Lamiaceae which is native throughout the Old World tropics and widespread as a cultivated plant and an escaped weed. View abstract. The word basil comes from the Greek βασιλεύς (basileus), meaning "royal". The flowers are quite big. 2006;99(5):1733-1738. Although basil will grow best outdoors, it can be grown indoors in a pot. Adv.Food Nutr Res 2012;67:75-139. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. 1999;37(3):253-257. View abstract. Biomedica. Seedlings may also be killed by Pythium damping off. Dasgupta, T., Rao, A. R., and Yadava, P. K. Chemomodulatory efficacy of basil leaf (Ocimum basilicum) on drug metabolizing and antioxidant enzymes, and on carcinogen-induced skin and forestomach papillomagenesis. Fusarium wilt is a soilbourne fungal disease that will quickly kill younger basil plants. It will need regular watering, but not as much attention as is needed in other climates. J Ethnopharmacol. Its seeds are flat. Thromb.Res 2006;118(6):733-739. The pot being taken from her by her brothers, she dies of her grief not long after. Bioresour.Technol. Some of them are Italian, Thai, Vietnamese and Laotian cuisines. Henning, S. M., Zhang, Y., Seeram, N. P., Lee, R. P., Wang, P., Bowerman, S., and Heber, D. Antioxidant capacity and phytochemical content of herbs and spices in dry, fresh and blended herb paste form.